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Accessibility options can be configured on your computer so that your general use is better and easier and fits your needs. You can you change settings that help you browse the internet and do every day tasks on your computer or laptop.
The default operating system found on most PCs and laptops.
Windows comes with a basic screen reader called Narrator, which reads text on the screen aloud and describes some events (such as an error message appearing) that happen while you're using the computer.
Narrator is not available in all languages, so if the steps below don't work, Narrator is not available for your language.
|Use this keyboard shortcut||To do this|
|Ctrl + Shift + Enter||Get information about the current item|
|Ctrl + Shift + Spacebar||Read the entire selected window|
|Ctrl + Alt + Spacebar||Read the items that are selected in the current window|
|Insert + Ctrl + G||Read a description of the items that appear next to the currently selected element|
|Ctrl||Stop Narrator from reading text|
|Insert + Q||Move the cursor backward to the beginning of any preceding text that has different formatting. For example, the cursor moves from a bold word to the beginning of a non-bold word that precedes it.|
|Insert + W||Move the cursor to the beginning of any text that follows it that has different formatting. For example, the cursor moves from a bold word to the beginning of a non-bold word that follows it.|
|Insert + E||Move the cursor back to the beginning of any text that has the same formatting. For example, the cursor moves from the middle of a bold word to the beginning of that word.|
|Insert + R||Move the cursor to the end of any text that has the same formatting. For example, the cursor moves from the middle of a bold word to the end of that word.|
|Insert + F2||Select all of the text that has the same formatting as the character at the cursor|
|Insert + F3||Read the current character|
|Insert + F4||Read the current word|
|Insert + F5||Read the current line|
|Insert + F6||Read the current paragraph|
|Insert + F7||Read the current page|
|Insert + F8||Read the current document|
The Insert key is used for Narrator commands, so when you press Insert while Narrator is running, you won't be able to insert characters. To use the Insert key to insert characters while Narrator is running, press Insert + I and then the characters you want to add.
Magnifier enlarges different parts of the screen and is part of the Ease of Access Center. To open it quickly, click Start, and then type Magnifier.
You can also change the screen resolution, which adjusts the clarity, size, and amount of things that fit on your computer monitor. To learn more about adjusting the screen resolution, see Getting the best display on your monitor.
If you want to have Magnifier at your fingertips, you can pin it to the taskbar.
To exit Magnifier, press the Windows logo key + Esc.
There are three Magnifier modes:
Full-screen mode. In full-screen mode, your entire screen is magnified. Depending on the size of your screen and the zoom level you choose, you might not be able to see all of the screen at the same time.
Lens mode. In lens mode, the area around the mouse pointer is magnified. When you move the mouse pointer, the area of the screen that's magnified moves along with it.
Docked mode. In docked mode, only a portion of the screen is magnified, leaving the rest of your desktop unchanged. You can then control which area of the screen is magnified.
Click the Start button and then click Control Panel. In the search box, type window color, and then click Change window colors and metrics.
Under Basic and High Contrast Themes, click the high-contrast theme that you want to use.
You can use your voice to control your computer. You can say commands that the computer will respond to, and you can dictate text to the computer.
Before you get started using Speech Recognition, you'll need to set up your computer for Windows Speech Recognition. There are three steps to setting up Speech Recognition: set up your microphone, learn how to talk to your computer, and train your computer to understand your speech.
Before you get started, make sure that your microphone is connected to your computer.
The success of speech recognition is directly related to the quality of the microphone you use. The two most common types of microphones for Speech Recognition are headset microphones and desktop microphones. Headset microphones are better suited for working with Speech Recognition because they are less prone to picking up extraneous sounds.
How do I use Speech Recognition?
To use Speech Recognition, the first thing you need to do is set it up on your computer. When you're ready to use Speech Recognition, you need to speak in simple, short commands. The tables below include some of the more commonly used commands.
To open Speech Recognition
Open Speech Recognition by clicking the Start button, clicking All Programs, clicking Accessories, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking Windows Speech Recognition.
Say "start listening" or click the Microphone button to start the listening mode.
Speech Recognition is available only in English, French, Spanish, German, Japanese, Simplified Chinese, and Traditional Chinese.
For more information on speech recognition please read Window's Common Speech Recognition Commands.
If you occasionally have trouble seeing items on your screen in Windows, you can adjust the settings to make text and images on the screen appear larger, improve the contrast between items on the screen, and hear on-screen text read aloud.
You can adjust many of these settings on the Make the computer easier to see page in the Ease of Access Center. For information about other settings, see Getting the best display on your monitor.
Instead of relying on the physical keyboard to type and enter data, you can use On-Screen Keyboard. On-Screen Keyboard displays a visual keyboard with all the standard keys. You can select keys using the mouse or another pointing device, or you can use a single key or group of keys to cycle through the keys on the screen.
To type without using the keyboard
Open On-Screen Keyboard by clicking the Start button , clicking All Programs, clicking Accessories, clicking Ease of Access, and then clicking On-Screen Keyboard.
You can use your keyboard to control the mouse and make it easier to type certain key combinations.
You can adjust these settings on the Make the keyboard easier to use page in the Ease of Access Center.
You can change how the mouse pointer looks and turn on other features that can help make it easier to use your mouse.
You can adjust these settings on the Make the mouse easier to use page in the Ease of Access Center.
Keyboard shortcuts to help control Windows with the keyboard.
Ease of Access keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that can help make your PC easier to use.
|Press this key||To do this|
|Right Shift for eight seconds
||Turn Filter Keys on and off
|Left Alt + left Shift + Print Screen
||Turn High Contrast on or off
|Left Alt + left Shift + Num Lock
||Turn Mouse Keys on or off
|Shift five times
||Turn Sticky Keys on or off
|Num Lock for five seconds
||Turn Toggle Keys on or off
|Windows logo key + U
||Open the Ease of Access Center
Magnifier keyboard shortcuts
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Magnifier.
|Press this key||To do this|
|Windows logo key + plus (+) or minus (-)
||Zoom in or out
|Ctrl + Alt + Spacebar
||Preview the desktop in full-screen mode
|Ctrl + Alt + D
||Switch to docked mode
|Ctrl + Alt + F
||Switch to full-screen mode
|Ctrl + Alt + I
|Ctrl + Alt + L
||Switch to lens mode
|Ctrl + Alt + R
||Resize the lens
|Ctrl + Alt + arrow keys
||Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
|Windows logo key + Esc
Create keyboard shortcuts to open programs
You can create keyboard shortcuts to open programs. Before you get started, you need to create a shortcut for the program to which you want to assign a keyboard shortcut. To do this, open the folder that contains the program's executable file, right-click it, and then click Create Shortcut.
For more information about creating shortcuts to programs, see Create or delete a shortcut.
The word None appears in the Shortcut key box until you press a key; then it's replaced with Ctrl + Alt + the key that you pressed.
You can't use the Esc, Enter, Tab, Spacebar, PrtScn, Shift, or Backspace keys to create a keyboard shortcut.
OSX is the default operating system for all Apple desktop computers and laptops.
VoiceOver is the built-in screen reader that describes aloud what appears on your screen and speaks the text in documents, webpages, and windows. Using VoiceOver, you control your Mac with the keyboard or trackpad gestures. You can also connect a refreshable braille display to use with VoiceOver.
To customize VoiceOver using VoiceOver Utility, press Control-Option-F8 (when VoiceOver is on).
To learn how to use VoiceOver, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessibility, click VoiceOver, then click Open VoiceOver Training.
For help with VoiceOver, choose Help > VoiceOver Help while VoiceOver Utility is open.
Tip: If you lose track of the pointer on the screen, quickly move your finger on the trackpad or quickly move the mouse—the pointer briefly gets bigger so you can see it. To turn this feature off, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessibility, click Display, then deselect “Shake mouse pointer to locate.”
For more information, see Zoom preferences.
If motion on the screen is problematic, you can set an option to reduce motion when using certain features, such as Spaces, Notification Center, or the Dock.
To set the option to reduce motion, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Display.
To make it easier to press keys on a physical keyboard, you can turn on Sticky Keys and Slow Keys. Or use the onscreen Accessibility Keyboard to navigate macOS and use advanced typing features (such as typing suggestions) and bypass a physical keyboard altogether.
To set these options, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Keyboard.
If you have trouble using a mouse, you can turn on Mouse Keys, then use the keyboard or a numeric keypad to move the mouse pointer and press the mouse button.
To set this option, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, click Accessibility, then click Mouse & Trackpad.
When Enhanced Dictation is on, you can use dictation commands to open apps, choose menu items, and more. macOS provides a large number of commands, and you can create your own dictation commands.
With Speech options, your Mac can speak the text in dialogs and alert messages, and notify you when an app needs you to do something, such as accept a Messages invitation.
You can set various options to customize how your keyboard, mouse, and trackpad work. For example, you can adjust the speed at which the pointer moves across the screen when you move your finger across the trackpad.
To set options for your keyboard, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click Keyboard.
To set options for your mouse, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click Mouse.
To set options for your trackpad, including gestures, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, then click Trackpad.
With Switch Control, you can use one or more adaptive accessories to enter text, interact with items on the screen, and control your Mac. Switch Control scans a panel or user interface until a switch is used to select an item or perform an action.
When you use the Accessibility Keyboard, you can use Dwell with a tracking device to control the pointer so it’s easier to enter text, interact with items on the screen, and control your Mac. With Dwell, you can dwell for a specified amount of time on a control to perform a mouse action.